Innovative process and technology for the production of wood mulch
Plant nurseries usually control weed growth with N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine treatment. Some studies have suggested potential impacts of this treatment on both the environment and users. A possible ecological alternative is the use of ground wood particles for mulching. However, the production of the required wood particles for use in potted plants is challenging. In this article, the classical chipping and sieving process is compared with a new proposed process involving chipping and refining phases. The two processes were applied to wood logs (spruce) from the forests of the Tosco-Emiliano Apennine. The tests were performed over a week using the machinery available at the Mo.To.R.E. (Montagna Toscana Ricerca Energie) consortium. Although the results achieved were based on preliminary evaluations, they indicated the potential superiority of the new process in terms of both economic and ecological efficiency. These findings can pave the way to the development of optimized processes aimed at a significant reduction in the use of chemical herbicides for weed control.
Acquavella J.F., Alexander B.H., Mandel J.S., Gustin C., Baker B., Chapman P. 2004. Glyphosate biomonitoring for farmers and their families: Results from the farm family exposure study. Environ. Health Perspect. 112;321-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.6667
Allen E., Noseworthy M., Ormsby M. 2017. Phytosanitary measures to reduce the movement of forest pests with the international trade of wood products. Biol. Invasions 19:3365-76. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-017-1515-0
Carfagni M., Fiorineschi L., Furferi R., Governi L., Rotini F. 2018. The role of additive technologies in the prototyping issues of design. Rapid Prototyp. J. 24:1101-16. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-02-2017-0021
Chalker Scott L. 2015. Using arborist wood chips as landscape mulch. Washington State University, Washington, DC, USA.
Coronado C.R., de Carvalho J.A., Silveira J.L. 2009. Biodiesel CO2 emissions: A comparison with the main fuels in the Brazilian market. Fuel Process. Technol. 90:204-11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2008.09.006
Corradi O., Baumann O., Hinkle T., Collignon M., Qvist F. 2019. Live CO2 emissions for electricity consumption. Available from: www.electricitymap.org Accessed: 12 December 2019.
Esteban L.S., Carrasco J.E. 2006. Evaluation of different strategies for pulverization of forest biomasses. Powder Technol. 166:139-51. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2006.05.018
Febbi P., Costa C., Menesatti P., Pari L. 2013. Determining wood chip size: Image analysis and clustering methods. J. Agricult. Engine. 44:519-21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jae.2013.344
Fiorineschi L., Cascini G., Rotini F., Tonarelli A. 2020. Versatile grinder technology for the production of wood biofuels. Fuel Process. Technol. 197. Available at:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2019.106217 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2019.106217
Fiorineschi L., Frillici F.S., Gregori G., Rotini F. 2018. Stimulating idea generation for new product applications. Int. J. Innovat. Sci. 10:454-74. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJIS-09-2017-0099
Haque N., Somerville M. 2013. Techno-economic and environmental evaluation of biomass dryer. Procedia Engine. 56:650-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.03.173
Iliev S., Mitev E. 2019. Modeling and investigation of a diesel engine with methanol additives. IOP Conf. Ser. Materials Sci. Engine. 614. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/614/1/012012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/614/1/012012
Kannepalli S., Strom P.F., Krogmann U., Subroy V., GimÃ©nez D., Miskewitz R. 2016. Characterization of wood mulch and leachate/runoff from three wood recycling facilities. J. Environ. Manage. 182:421-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.07.093
KaÅ¾imÃrovÃ¡ V., OpÃ¡th R. 2016. Biomass combustion emissions. Res. Agricult. Engine. 62:S61-S65. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17221/69/2015-RAE
Lynch A.J., Rowland C.A. 2005. The History of Grinding, Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., Littleton, CO, USA. Available from: https://doi.org/Book Review
Nati C., Spinelli R., Fabbri P. 2010. Wood chips size distribution in relation to blade wear and screen use. Biomass Bioener. 34:583-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.01.005
Obernberger I., Thek G. 2010. The Pellet Handbook, Earthscan, London, UK.
Rajput S.K., Gwalior S., Singh O. 2018. Reduction in CO2 emission through photovoltaic system : a case study. 3rd IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology for Instrumentation and Measurement.
Sacchelli S., Fagarazzi C., Bernetti I. 2013. Economic evaluation of forest biomass production in central Italy: A scenario assessment based on spatial analysis tool. Biomass Bioener. 53:1-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2012.11.026
Schaller M. (n.d.). Humimeter. Available from: https://www.humimeter.com/it/bioenergia/humimeter-bm1-sostituito/ Accessed: 18 February 2019.
Spinelli R., Pari L., Magagnotti N. 2018. New biomass products, small-scale plants and vertical integration as opportunities for rural development. Biomass Bioener. 115:244-52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2018.05.004
Tarasco E., Clausi M., Rappazzo G., Panzavolta T., Curto G., Sorino R., Oreste M. 2015. Biodiversity of entomopathogenic nematodes in Italy. J. Helminthol. 89:359-66. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X14000194
Woo H., Han H.S. 2018. Performance of screening biomass feedstocks using star and deck screen machines. Appl. Engine. Agric. 34:35-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.13031/aea.12385
Zadek H., Schulz R. 2010. Methods for the calculation of CO2 emissions in logistics activities. pp 263-268 in W. Dangelmaier, A. Blecken, R. Delius S. and KlÃ¶pfer (Eds.), Advanced manufacturing and sustainable logistics. Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg, Germany. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-12494-5_24
- Abstract views: 1654
- PDF: 248
- HTML: 5
PAGEPress has chosen to apply the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.